Good nutrition an adequate, well-balanced diet combined with regular physical activity is the cornerstone of good health.
Poor nutrition can lead to reduced immunity, increased susceptibility to disease, impaired physical and mental development, and reduced productivity.
Mal Nutrition causes : Stunting • Underweight • Wasting
Stunted growth in children has the following public health impacts apart from the obvious impact of shorter stature of the person affected:
• Greater risk for illness and premature death
• Delayed mental development and therefore poorer school performance and later on reduced productivity in the work force
• Reduced cognitive capacity
• Women of shorter stature have a greater risk for complications during child birth due to their smaller pelvis, and are at risk of delivering a baby with low birth weight
• Stunted growth can even be passed on to the next generation (this is called the "intergenerational cycle of malnutrition")
Urban Delhi NCR Problems
• First 1000 days of life from conception to 24 months of life are crucial for preventive measures.
• Access to food is not the only cause of undernutrition. Even in the high wealth index population, a quarter of children are stunted.
• Immediate causes of undernutrition comprise poor infant and young child feeding practices and high rates of infection and poor coverage of health services.
• Underlying causes are inadequate access to water and sanitation, poor education and status of women with jobs in the informal sector, lack of time, high energy expenditure, inadequate crèche facilities and violence at home.
• Urban food security is governed by the fact that the urban poor depend on cash income for food and non-food items.
• The employment of urban women reduces time and energy for child care practices at the family level